基于语料库的英语专业学生口语词块使用模式研究

作者:王伟;张红燕 刊名:语文学刊:外语教育与教学 上传者:也爱国

【摘要】作者基于中国学生英语口笔语语料库的口语子库,提取英语专业学生参加全国英语专业四级口语考试的录音文字材料作为语料,对口语中最常用2至4词词块的分布情况和句法特征进行分析,得出以下结论:1)英语专业学生运用口语词块种类较少,并且过度使用"代词+动词"主谓结构;2)英语口语成绩较好的学生和较差的学生在词块的使用模式上没有实质性的差异,但成绩较差的学生更倾向于使用固定的公式性词块,而成绩较好的学生趋向于使用从句词块。本研究结果也对英语口语词块习得和教学具有借鉴意义。

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语文学刊 ·外语教 育教 学 2010年 第6舷 A Corpus·-—-based Study on the Use of Lexical Chunks In Spoken English of English Maj ors in China o W ang W ei Zhang Hongyan (China University of Geosciences,Wuhan,Hubei,430074) [Abstract] By SECCL corpus,the distribution and syntactical features of lexieal chunks in spoken English of Chi. nese English majors have been studied and the results are shown as follows:1)English maj0rs tend to use the lexical chunks with syntactical structures of“pron.+v.”,“noun phrase”,and etc,and overuse some “pron. +v.” stru ctures such as“I think”and“you can”;2)there is not siugifieant dierence in syntactical stmct~es of lexical chunks between the learners with high level of spoken English and those with low one,except the fact that speakers with low level depend more on fixed formulaic sequences;whereas speakers with high level ale likely to use the le~eal chunks that introduce a clause. [Key words] lexical chunks;learner corpus;spoken English;syntactical feature [中图分类号]H3l3 [文献标识码]A [文章编号 ]1672-8610(2010)064)001-03 I.Introduction The term “prefabricate chunks” was firstly put forward by Becker an d Bolinger.⋯ Then the research of lexieal chunks has been put into focus with the development of construction grammar an d lexieal approach. Meanwhile,the corpus— based approach to the research of lexical chunks,especially the contrastive inter- language analysis of lexical chunks,has gained prominence over the past years in computer——aided research of applied lingu is- tics

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