Microwave antenna apparatus

【摘要】A microwave measurement apparatus is disclosed for measuring an unknown property of a test material, such as moisture content, by transmitting microwave beams through such material so that a portion of the beam energy is absorbed by the moisture or other property. Two microwave input signals of different frequencies are used to form the microwave beams and the corresponding attenuated received signals are compared in order to compensate for the presence of a component in the test material, such as foundry molding sand, which is not being measured but which also absorbs microwave beam energy. To determine the density of the test material in the event of changes in such density, one of the microwave signals is used to measure the phase shift of the corresponding received signal and produce a phase shift output signal. A single microwave antenna having two microwave signal connection is employed to transmit the two microwave beams of differnet frequency without interference and another antenna of the same type receives such two beams to produce the two attenuated received signals. The two attenuated received signals of different frequency and the phase shift output signal are combined in a signal processor to produce a percent moisture content signal.


I claim: 1. Microwave antenna apparatus for measuring the moisture content of material, comprising: a first antenna portion of conical shape; a second antenna portion of circular cylindrical shape having one end closed and joined at its open end to the small end of said first antenna portion and coaxial therewith, said second antenna portion being of substantially the same diameter as said small end of said first antenna portion; a first microwave signal connection means connected to the side of said first antenna portion for transmitting a first microwave signal; a second microwave signal connection means connected to the side of said second antenna portion for transmitting a second microwave signal of different frequency than said first microwave signal; said first and second connection means being spaced apart by a longitudinal distance along the axis of the antenna and by a circumferential displacement angle about the axis of the antenna; and said second connection means being spaced from a closed end of the second antenna portion by an old multiple of a quarter wavelength of the second microwave signal and said first connection means being spaced from a point on the first antenna portion where the diameter of its cone is equal to the microwave cut-off diameter for the frequency of the first microwave signal by a distance which is multiple by a half wavelength of the first microwave signal. 2. Antenna apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the displacement angle i