Activation of AMPK/mTORC1-Mediated Autophagy by Metformin Reverses Clk1 Deficiency-Sensitized Dopaminergic Neuronal Death.

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【作者】 Qiuting Yan  Chaojun Han  Guanghui Wang  John Waddington  Longtai Zheng  Xuechu Zhen 

【摘要】The autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) plays a critical role in the pathology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Clk1 (coq7) is a mitochondrial hydroxylase that is essential for coenzyme Q (ubiquinone) biosynthesis. We have reported previously that Clk1 regulates microglia activation via modulating microglia metabolic reprogramming, which contributes to dopaminergic neuronal survival. This study explores the direct effect of Clk1 on dopaminergic neuronal survival. We demonstrate that Clk1 deficiency inhibited dopaminergic neuronal autophagy in cultured MN9D dopaminergic neurons and in the substantia nigra pars compacta of Clk+/- mutant mice and consequently sensitized dopaminergic neuron damage and behavioral defects. These mechanistic studies indicate that Clk1 regulates the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/rapamycin complex 1 pathway, which in turn impairs the ALP and TFEB nuclear translocation. As a result, Clk1 deficiency promotes dopaminergic neuronal damage in vivo and in vitro, which ultimately contributes to sensitizing 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced dopaminergic neuronal death and behavioral impairments in Clk1-deficient mice. Moreover, we found that activation of autophagy by the AMPK activator metformin increases dopaminergic neuronal survival in vitro and in the MPTP-induced PD model in Clk1 mutant mice. These results reveal that Clk1 plays a direct role in dopaminergic neuronal survival via regulating ALPs that may contribute to the pathologic development of PD. Modulation of Clk1 activity may represent a potential therapeutic target for PD.

【刊名】Molecular pharmacology

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