基于语料库的英语专业学生口语词块使用模式研究(英文)

作者:王伟;张红燕 刊名:语文学刊(外语教育与教学) 上传者:高绍荣

【摘要】作者基于中国学生英语口笔语语料库的口语子库,提取英语专业学生参加全国英语专业四级口语考试的录音文字材料作为语料,对口语中最常用2至4词词块的分布情况和句法特征进行分析,得出以下结论:1)英语专业学生运用口语词块种类较少,并且过度使用"代词+动词"主谓结构;2)英语口语成绩较好的学生和较差的学生在词块的使用模式上没有实质性的差异,但成绩较差的学生更倾向于使用固定的公式性词块,而成绩较好的学生趋向于使用从句词块。本研究结果也对英语口语词块习得和教学具有借鉴意义。

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I.IntroductionTheterm“prefabricatechunks”wasfirstlyputforwardbyBeckerandBolinger.[1]Thentheresearchoflexicalchunkshasbeenputintofocuswiththedevelopmentofconstructiongrammarandlexicalapproach.Meanwhile,thecorpus-basedapproachtotheresearchoflexicalchunks,especiallythecontrastiveinter-languageanalysisoflexicalchunks,hasgainedprominenceoverthepastyearsincomputer-aidedresearchofappliedlinguis-tics..LexicalchunksLearners,likenativespeakers,shouldlearn“memorizedsequences”and“lexicalizedsentencestems”tomaximizecom-municativecompetenceiftheywanttoachievenative-likecon-troloflanguage.These“memorizedsequences”or“lexicalizedsentencestems”actuallyrefersto“lexicalchunks”definedbyNattingeras“conventionalizedstructuresthatoccurmorefre-quentlyandhavemoreidiomaticallydeterminedmeaningthanlanguagethatisputtogethereachtime.”[2]3Becker(1975)sharedsimilaropinionsbystatingthatlanguagelearnersusuallyuse“ready-madeframeworksonwhichtohangtheexpressionofideas,sothattheydonothavetogothroughthelaborofgen-eratinganutteranceeverytimetheywanttosaysomething.”Inthisstudy,theauthorwilladoptWangandZhang’sdefinitionintheperspectiveofcorpuslinguistics,thatis,thelexicalchunksarethecontinuousandmeaningfullexicalunitscomposedoftwoormorethantwowordsthatoccurfrequentlyandcanbeconcor-dedbycomputer.[3]36.Method3.1ResearchquestionsThefollowingresearchquestionshavebeenexploredinthisstudy:1.WhatarethedistributionsoflexicalchunksinspokenEnglishofChineseEnglishmajors?2.Whatarethesyntacticalfeaturesoflexicalchunksthataremostf

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