Improved Method of Springback Compensation in Metal Forming Analysis

作者:Baùon, P.; úwiàtoniowski, A.; Szostak, J. 刊名:Strength of Materials 上传者:沈睿



Strength of Materials, Vol. 48, No. 4, July, 2016 IMPROVED METHOD OF SPRINGBACK COMPENSATION IN METAL FORMING ANALYSIS P. Baùon,1 A. úwiàtoniowski,2 UDC 539.4 and J. Szostak3 Elements of automobile production are frequently fabricated from ultrahigh- or high-strength steels, which ensure their considerable weight reduction and high durability, but manifest a side effect called springback. The springback value depends mostly on the material used, as well as the geometry of part being formed. Thus, in extreme cases, the deviation value from the reference part may exceed the limiting value. Prediction of springback by the trial-and-error method and subsequent deviation correction is difficult and labor-intensive. Numerical compensation methods make it possible to obtain accurate results in a short time, which advantage eliminates unnecessary milling during die production and facilitates its production on a just-in-time basis according to customers’ expectations and forecasts for vehicle demand. This paper presents an innovative compensation method for both forming and trimming die for the construction of vehicle parts manufactured by a transfer press. This method allows one to optimize the accuracy of compensation, consequently reducing springback in a more exact way than currently used methods, which account only for the influence of trimming on springback without generating compensated surfaces for the trimming die and the next forming operation. Moreover, there is a possibili