论儒道互补思想对杜甫诗歌审美态度的影响

作者:杨丽琼;郭艳华; 刊名:牡丹江大学学报 上传者:何洪珍

【摘要】杜甫所处的时代不仅是唐代由盛转衰的历史性关口,同时也是儒释道思想交融的重要时期。在这样时代的重压下,杜甫不得不面对自身理想与社会现实之间不可协调的矛盾。最终,杜甫在儒道互补的思想中找到了出路。儒道互补的思想使杜甫形成了博物爱仁和天地与万物为一的审美态度。杜甫的诗歌作品一边是家国忧难、百姓民生,一边是世间细物、自然生命,呈现出沉郁顿挫、情感丰蕴的审美特点。

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43 第 28 卷 第 3 期 牡丹江大学学报 Vol.28 No.3 2019 年 3 月 Journal of Mudanjiang University Mar. 2019 文章编号 :1008-8717(2019)03-0043-04 论儒道互补思想对杜甫诗歌审美态度的影响 杨丽琼 郭艳华 (北方民族大学文学与新闻传播学院,宁夏 银川 750021) 摘 要 : 杜甫所处的时代不仅是唐代由盛转衰的历史性关口,同时也是儒释道思想交融的重要时期。在这样时代的重压下,杜甫不得不面对自身理想与社会现实之间不可协调的矛盾。最终,杜甫在儒道互补的思想中找到了出路。儒道互补的思想使杜甫形成了博物爱仁和天地与万物为一的审美态度。杜甫的诗歌作品一边是家国忧难、百姓民生,一边是世间细物、自然生命,呈现出沉郁顿挫、情感丰蕴的审美特点。 关键词 : 杜甫;儒道互补;万物与我同一;博物爱仁;审美态度 中图分类号 :I207.2  文献标识码 :A On the Influence of the Complementary Thoughts of Confucianism and Taoism on Du Fu's Aesthetic Attitude YANG Li-qiong , GUO Yan-hua (College of Literature and Journalism,Northern University for Nationalities,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750021) Abstract:The era in which Du Fu lived was not only the historical pass of the Tang Dynasty from prosperity to decline, but also an important period of the integration of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Under the pressure of such times, Du Fu had to face the inharmonious contradiction between his ideal and social reality. Finally, Du Fu found a way out in the complementary thought of Confucianism and Taoism. The thought of Confucianism and Taoism complementing each other formed Du Fu's aesthetic attitude of loving benevolence and the unity of heaven and earth with all things. Du Fu's poems, on the one hand, are about the hardship of the family and the people's livelihood; on the other hand, they are about the fine things and natural life in the world. It presents the aesthetic characteristics of depression, and abundant emotion. Key

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