我国学校建筑室内污染物数据库建立与评价

作者:王好;叶蔚;高军;张旭; 刊名:建筑热能通风空调 上传者:亓仲臣

【摘要】中小学、大学师生长期暴露于学校各类室内装修产生的空气污染物环境中,引发的身体健康问题备受关注。通过检索2006-2016年我国学校公共场所室内装饰装修污染调研论文25篇,汇编了包含超过17个城市90余栋学校类建筑560个室内环境共六种室内装饰装修污染物的浓度检测数据库。基于数据库,采用伤残调整寿命年损失值定量评价装修污染对人员健康的影响。现有数据结果表明,从学校场所类别分析,教室和寝室内装修污染严重。综合伤残调整寿命年损失值,从污染物长期暴露角度分析,甲醛对人体健康的威胁最大,氨次之,苯系物对人体健康危害较小。

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我国学校建筑室内污染物数据库建立与评价 王好 叶蔚 高军 * 张旭 同济大学机械与能源工程学院 摘 要:中小学、大学师生长期暴露于学校各类室内装修产生的空气污染物环境中,引发的身体健康问题备受关注。通过检索 2006-2016 年我国学校公共场所室内装饰装修污染调研论文 25 篇,汇编了包含超过 17 个城市 90 余栋学校类建筑 560 个室内环境共六种室内装饰装修污染物的浓度检测数据库。基于数据库,采用伤残调整寿命年损失值定量评价装修污染对人员健康的影响。现有数据结果表明,从学校场所类别分析,教室和寝室内装修污染严重。综合伤残调整寿命年损失值,从污染物长期暴露角度分析,甲醛对人体健康的威胁最大,氨次之,苯系物对人体健康危害较小。关键词:学校 污染物 人员健康 伤残调整寿命年损失值 Compiling a Database for Indoor Pollutant and Evaluating Students’Health Effects for Schools and Universities in China WANG Hao, YE Wei, GAO Jun, ZHANG Xu School of Mechanical Engineering, Tongji University Abstract: Schools and universities, as the major activity places for students, has drawn public concern for the effect of indoor pollution emitted from building materials on the health of the students and teachers. In this paper, 25 papers, which published from 2006 to 2016 reported indoor decorative pollution in Chinese schools and universities were summarized. A database, that consists of 6 types of indoor air pollutants, measured from more than 560 rooms in schools among 17 cities, was compiled. Then, the so-called ID method that can be used to calculate Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) lost were adopted to evaluate the health effects of indoor pollutants on occupants quantitatively. The results showed that based on the current database, classrooms and dormitories are usually the most seriously polluted by decoration materials. Besides, formaldehyde can be potentially posing the greatest chronical harm to human health for s

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