父母教养方式与听障儿童自我意识的相关研究

作者:王海梅;龙江;王丽燕 刊名:中国听力语言康复科学杂志 上传者:董为民

【摘要】目的考察听障儿童自我意识的发展特点及其与父母养育方式的关系方法采用父母养育方式Q分类问卷,测查父母的养育方式,采用自编听障儿童自我意识问卷测查儿童的自我意识结果①3~5岁听障儿童自我意识的3个指标发展各不相同,自我了解指标呈逐年上升趋势;自尊自信指标各年龄段没有显著差异独立性指标只有3岁和5岁听障儿童有显著差异,4岁和5岁、3岁和4岁没有显著差异。②自我意识的3个指标没有显著的性别差异。③听障儿童的自我意识与父母鼓励支持和鼓励成就的养育方式有显著的正相关,与父母的高控和惩罚的养育方式不相关。

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Chinese Scientific JOUrnal of HeariRQ and Speech Rehabilitation 人人享有听力语言康复服务 doi:l 0.3969/j.issn.1 672-4933.2009.05.01 3 父母教养方式 与听障儿童 自我意识的相关研究 R esearch on the reIationsh and self—aw areness of 一王 海梅 龙 江 王丽燕 WANG }]af m ei LONG J/#ng WANG Lf—yan P betw een parenting practice hearing-im paired children 【摘要】目的 考察听障儿童 自我意识的发 展特点及其与父母养育方式的关系方 法 采用父母养育方式Q 分类问卷,测查父母的养育方式,采用自编听障儿童 自我意识问卷测查儿童的自我意识结 果 ①35岁听障儿 童 自我意识的3个指标 发展各不相 同,自我了解指标呈逐年上升趋势;自尊自信指标 各年龄段没有显著差异 独立性指标只有3岁和5岁听障儿童有显著差异,4岁和5岁、3岁和4岁没有显著差异。②自我意识的3个指标没有 显著 的性别差异。③听障儿童的自我意识与父母 鼓励支持和鼓励成就的养育方式有显著的正相关 ,与父母的 高控和惩罚的养育方式不相关。 【关键 词l听障儿童;父母养育方式;自我意识 [Abstract] Objecrive To investigate the relationshiP between parenting practice and characteristiCS of self—awareness development in hearing—im paired chiIdren.M ethods The Q-sort auestionnaire was used to investigate the way of parents to educate the children and the self-made auestionnaire was em ployed to test the self-awareness development of the children.Results ①The 3 indexes of self-awareness showed different developm ent trends in hearing—im paired children from 3 to 5 years old.The self-Understanding of the children increased from 3 to 5 years old.There was no significant dif~ rence in self-esteem between different age groups.There was a significant dif~ rence jn jndeDendence between 3 and 5一year-old group but no difference between 4 and 5-year-old group as well as 3 and 4-year-old group.@ No significant gender dif~ rence was noticed in the 3 indexes of self- awareness.~The self-

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