A participatory decision making process for community-level water supply

作者:Honkalaskar, V. H.; Sohoni, M.; Bhandarkar, U. V. 刊名:Water Policy 上传者:白笛

【摘要】This paper describes outcomes of a 3-year participatory action research project which involved community-level decision making to choose between various technologies to supply domestic water to a tribal village. Six technology alternatives were considered, which were ranked by adopting the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). At each stage, starting from project identification to project synthesis, people's participation was sought in a true sense. This required design of novel strategies embedded in local culture, values, and language. The overall process yielded a participatory decision making method for a community, which would uphold people's involvement, a sense of ownership, and control at each step, which is required for the successful implementation and sustainable operation of the project.

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A participatory decision making process for community-level water supply V. H. Honkalaskara, M. Sohonia and U. V. Bhandarkarb aCTARA, Electrical Annex Building, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400076, India bCorresponding author. Office MECH 303C, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400076, India. E-mail: bhandarkar@iitb.ac.in Abstract This paper describes outcomes of a 3-year participatory action research project which involved community-level decision making to choose between various technologies to supply domestic water to a tribal village. Six technology alternatives were considered, which were ranked by adopting the analytical hierarchy process (AHP). At each stage, startingfromprojectidentification toprojectsynthesis,people’s participation wassoughtin atruesense.This required design of novel strategies embedded in local culture, values, and language. The overall processyielded a participatory decisionmakingmethodforacommunity, which would uphold people’s involvement,a sense of ownership,andcon-trol at each step, which is required for the successful implementation and sustainable operation of the project. Keywords: AHP; Asia; Community-level decision making; Community-level water supply; India; People’s participation 1. Introduction The dominant development paradigm adopted by the mainstream development practitioners is often associated with reductionist analytical assumptions, top–down and cen

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