论《古诗十九首》植物意象的审美特质

作者:孙秀华 刊名:贵州师范学院学报 上传者:伍广正

【摘要】《古诗十九首》中共有十首诗歌涉及植物意象。与《诗经》、《楚辞》相较,在植物意象的选取上,《古诗十九首》既体现传统而又多有创新;在植物意象的构造上,《古诗十九首》注重意象的组合;在艺术表现上,《古诗十九首》植物意象融入了诗歌的抒情话语,有机构成了诗歌的意境。也即,较之于《诗经》、《楚辞》,《古诗十九首》植物意象具有唯美化、组合化和更为情景交融的特点,由此形成了《古诗十九首》植物意象的审美特质。

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第 30 卷 第 8 期 2014 年 8 月 贵州师范学院学报 Journal of Guizhou Normal College Vol. 30. No. 8 Aug. 2014 论《古诗十九首》植物意象的审美特质 * 孙秀华 (贵州师范学院,贵州 贵阳 550018) 摘要:《古诗十九首》中共有十首诗歌涉及植物意象。与《诗经》、《楚辞》相较,在植物意象的选取上,《古诗十九首》既体现传统而又多有创新;在植物意象的构造上,《古诗十九首》注重意象的组合;在艺术表现上, 《古诗十九首》植物意象融入了诗歌的抒情话语,有机构成了诗歌的意境。也即,较之于《诗经》、《楚辞》,《古诗十九首》植物意象具有唯美化、组合化和更为情景交融的特点,由此形成了《古诗十九首》植物意象的审美特质。 关键词:《古诗十九首》 ;植物意象;审美特质 中图分类号:I207. 22 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1674 -7798(2014)08 -0023 -04 On the Aesthetic Qualities of Plant Images in Nineteen Ancient Poems SUN Xiu-hua (Guizhou Normal Collge,Guiyang,Guizhou,550018) Abstract:There are ten poems involved with plant images in Nineteen Ancient Poems. Compared with The Book of Songs and Songs of the South,Nineteen Ancient Poems embodies traditional and multiple innovation on the selec-tion of plant images. In terms of construction of plant images,Nineteen Ancient Poems focuses on the combination of images. On the artistic expression,the plants images in Nineteen Ancient Poems are integrated into the lyrical dis-course of poetry,becoming an artistic conception. In another word,compared with The Book of Songs and Songs of the South,the plant images in Nineteen Ancient Poems demonstrate the characteristics of aestheticism tendencies,trend of combination,and more feelings and the scenery harmoniously together,all of which formed the aesthetic qualities of plant images in Nineteen Ancient Poems. Key words:Nineteen Ancient Poems; Plant Image; Aesthetic Qualities 《古诗十九首》是我国南朝时期萧统从传世无名氏《古诗》中选录十九首编入《昭明文选》而成。《古诗十九

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