广州医武结合历史回顾与广州螳螂拳养生原理

作者:霍子儒;霍明彬;霍明钢;李主江; 刊名:中华武术(研究) 上传者:王泽鹏

【摘要】广州西关是岭南医学与武术结合发扬的重要根据地。本文先是通过调查及文献研究回顾了该地区医武结合的历史,再从中选取广州螳螂拳流派的技法特色进行归类,从该拳刚柔相济、顺势连环、注意肢体拉伸及关节认识、讲求活腰顺肩及培育气魄共六个特点着手,通过运动医学跨学科研究,说明武术与中医养生有着密不可分、互相促进的关系。

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32 广州医武结合历史回顾与广州螳螂拳养生原理 霍子儒1,霍明彬 1,霍明钢 1,李主江 2 A Historical Review of the Combination of Wushu and Traditional Chinese Medicine in Guangzhou and the Reg-imen Principle of Guangzhou Praying Mantis Huo Ziru1, Huo Mingbin1, Huo Minggang1, Li Zhujiang2 【摘要】广州西关是岭南医学与武术结合发扬的重要根据地。本文先是通过调查及文献研究回顾了该地区医武结合的历史,再从中选取广州螳螂拳流派的技法特色进行归类,从该拳刚柔相济、顺势连环、注意肢体拉伸及关节认识、讲求活腰顺肩及培育气魄共六个特点着手,通过运动医学跨学科研究,说明武术与中医养生有着密不可分、互相促进的关系。 【关键词】螳螂拳;医武结合;养生功法;运动医学;保健;广州西关;霍耀池;非遗 Abstract: Through literature review, this paper gives a historical review on Xiguan, Guangzhou, which is an important base for the combination of wushu (martial arts) and traditional Chinese medicine of Lingnan (Lingnan, south of the Five Ridges). By categorizing different schools of Guangzhou praying mantis, this paper starts from its six features, namely, coupling hardness with softness, easy and smooth, noticing the stretching, acknowledging the joints, activating waist and shoulders and improving the courage, and explains the indispensible and mutual promotion relations between wushu and traditional medicine regimen by doing the trans-disciplinarily research on sports medicine. Keywords: praying mantis; combination of wushu and traditional Chinese medicine; regimen; sports medicine; health preserving; Xiguan, Guangzhou; Huo Yaochi; intangible cultural heritage 【中图分类号】 G852 【文献标识码】 A 中国武术与医学源远流长,其共性都是以中国哲学为理论基础,共同都有着讲究“阴阳”与“虚实”的深厚渊源。武术通过对阴阳的研究或实现精气神的提升,或达成迅缓、刚柔的统一;同时以虚实达到招式上“指东打西”“避实就虚”的奇诡。中医学则以阴阳虚实为基础的八纲辨证归类疾病,平调阴阳,虚实求之。两者在生理学上都体现为对“精、

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