基于语料库的英语专业学生口语词块使用模式研究

作者:王伟;张红燕 刊名:语文学刊(外语教育教学) 上传者:陶水忠

【摘要】作者基于中国学生英语口笔语语料库的口语子库,提取英语专业学生参加全国英语专业四级口语考试的录音文字材料作为语料,对口语中最常用2至4词词块的分布情况和句法特征进行分析,得出以下结论:1)英语专业学生运用口语词块种类较少,并且过度使用"代词+动词"主谓结构;2)英语口语成绩较好的学生和较差的学生在词块的使用模式上没有实质性的差异,但成绩较差的学生更倾向于使用固定的公式性词块,而成绩较好的学生趋向于使用从句词块.本研究结果也对英语口语词块习得和教学具有借鉴意义.

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铬文学刊·外语教育教学 2010牟第6期 A Corpus·---based Study on the Use of Lexical Chunks In Spoken English of English Majors in China o Wang Wei Zhang Hongyan (China Unive乃ity of Geosciences,Wuhan,Hubei,钌Do群) [Abstract] By SECCL corpus,the distribution and syntactical features of lexical chunks in spoken English of Chi— nese English majors have been studied and the results 8∞shown鹊follows:1)English majors tend to use the lexical chunks with syntactical structures of“pron.+v.”,“noun phrase”,and etc,and overuse some。pron.+v.”structures such as。I think”and“you啪”;2)there is not significant difference in syntactical structures of lexical chunks between the learnem with higlI le、,el of spoken En班sh and those with low one,except the fact that spoakem with low level depend more on fixed formuLaic sequences;whereas speakers with high level are likely to峨the lexical chunks that introduce a cLause. [Key words]lexical chunks;learner corpus; [中图分类号]H313 【文献标识码]A spoken English;syntactical feature [文章编号]1672-8610(2010)06-0001-03 I.Introduction 11他term“prefabricate chunks”w鹳firstly put forward bY Becker and Bolinger.⋯Then the research of lexical chunks has been put into focus with the development of construction grammar and lexical approach.Meanwhile,the corpus—based approach to the research of lexical chunks,especially the contrastive inter-language analysis of lexical chunks,has gained prominence over the past years in computer—aided research of印plied linguis- tics. Ⅱ.Lexical chunks Learners,like native

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