Premature Boarding and Human Capital Accumulation for Rural Pupils:Evidence from School Consolidations

作者:侯海波;吴要武;宋映泉 刊名:中国经济学人:英文版 上传者:杨明

【摘要】From2001to2012;manylocalgovernmentsinChinacloseddownvillageteachingsitesforprimaryschoolstudentsinthefirstandsecondgrades;consolidatingthemintolargertownshipschoolsmoredistantfromvillagestudents’homes.SchoolclosureandconsolidationareparticularlystrikinginChina’scentralandwesternregions;whereswathesofrurallabormigratedtocitiesforjobs.Asaresult;numerousprimaryschoolpupilsareforcedtostudyatboardingschoolsinthefirstandsecondgrades;whichisconsideredastooearlyforpupilstolivewithoutparentalcare.Thispaperemployssurveydatafrom137townshipschoolswithboardingqualificationscollectedbyaprojectteamconsistingofresearchersfromtheChinaInstituteforEducationalFinanceResearch(CIEFR)ofPekingUniversity;theInstituteofPopulationandLaborEconomicsoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(IPLE-CASS)andtheCapitalUniversityofEconomicsandBusiness(CUEB).Bymatchingthehome-schooldistancewithvillageteachingsiteinformationastheproxyvariablefortheschoolconsolidationpolicy;thispaperevaluatesthepolicy'simpactonthelikelyhoodofprematureboardingforprimaryschoolpupils;aswellastheimpactontheirhumancapitalaccumulation.Ourstudyfindsthatthecreationofteachingsitesmakesitlesslikelyforprimaryschoolpupilstoboardatschool.Prematureboardingimpedeschildren’shumancapitalaccumulation;andtheharmfuleffectisparticularlystrikingforchildrenlackingpastoralteachers;raisedbygrandparentsandfromfamiliesaboveaverageincomelevels;aswellasgirls.

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92 Premature Boarding and Human Capital Accumulation for Rural Pupils: Evidence from School Consolidations* Hou Haibo (侯海波)1, Wu Yaowu (吴要武) 2 and Song Yingquan (宋映泉) 3 1 Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences (CAFS), Beijing, China 2 Institute of Population and Labor Econoimcs (IPLE), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 3 China Institute for Educational Finance Research (CIEFR), Beijing Abstract: From 2001 to 2012, many local governments in China closed down village teaching sites for primary school students in the first and second grades, consolidating them into larger township schools more distant from village students’ homes. School closure and consolidation are particularly striking in China’s central and western regions, where swathes of rural labor migrated to cities for jobs. As a result, numerous primary school pupils are forced to study at boarding schools in the first and second grades, which is considered as too early for pupils to live without parental care. This paper employs survey data from 137 township schools with boarding qualifications collected by a project team consisting of researchers from the China Institute for Educational Finance Research (CIEFR) of Peking University, the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (IPLE-CASS) and the Capital University of Economics and Business (CUEB). By matching the home-school distance with village teaching site information as the proxy variable for th

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