Microbial Aerosols: Sources, Properties, Health Effects, Exposure Assessment—A Review

作者:Górny, Rafał L. 刊名:KONA Powder and Particle Journal 上传者:吕文君

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Advance Publication by J-STAGE Published online 21 March 2019 KONA Powder and Particle Journal /Doi:10.14356/kona.2020005 Review Paper 1 Copyright © 2019 The Author. Published by Hosokawa Powder Technology Foundation. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Microbial Aerosols: Sources, Properties, Health Effects, Exposure Assessment—A Review † Rafał L. Górny 1 Laboratory of Biohazards, Department of Chemical, Aerosol and Biological Hazards, Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute, Poland Abstract Microorganisms are ubiquitous in the environment. Wherever their sources are present, the particles can be released into the air forming microbiological aerosols. Although most of their particles cause no harm to the exposed individuals, some of their propagules may have infectious or allergenic potential and may carry toxic or irritant substances and components. Their inhalation usually poses a significant health risk and is responsible for numerous adverse outcomes, from allergic reactions, infections and toxic responses to various nonspecific symptoms. This review article provides fundamental background information on the role of microorganisms in the environment, defines and characterizes environmental sources of microbial aerosols, describes microbial abilities for airborne transport and comments on their role in atmospheric processes, discusses their physical and biological characteristi

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